Shurely on Cotton: Thoughts on the Acreage Report, Demand, Other Factors
Jul 05, 2022
By Don Shurley, University of Georgia Cotton Economist
With much higher costs this season, the present demise in price is reason for much concern. Profit will depend on marketing (how much is already priced, will prices recover and how much, and remaining price decisions) and yield and fiber quality.
The recent meltdown in price is due to 1-concerns about recession and demand and 2-some rainfall and improvement in Texas crop conditions. After losses of over 21 cents, prices have tried to stabilize in the 93 to 98 cents area but even this has proven difficult to sustain—a limit down move today, Dec closed at 93 ½. USDA released its Acreage report last week—the first estimate of actual acres planted.
I’m sure you’ve heard about or seen the numbers by now. Actual plantings are 11.3% more than last year and 244,000 acres more than what farmers said they intended to plant when surveyed back in March.
This report should be a non-factor. In addition to demand news, price will move on crop conditions, yield, and abandonment. Acres are higher but abandonment may also increase. USDA currently has yield at 867 lbs, abandonment at 25%, and the crop at 16.5 million bales. Assuming planting of 12.48 million acres and keeping yield at 867, increased abandonment to 27% or more would cut the crop to less than 16.5 million bales. This is not at all an unrealistic expectation.
Despite recent rains, the overall condition of the Texas crop continues to decline. Unless more adequate rainfall occurs, abandonment may increase (may be higher than the market appears to currently be reacting to.
Crop concerns could rally price to the $1.05-$1.10 area but it will likely take a combination of that and a lessening of economic and demand concerns to push the market higher