Shurley on Cotton: The See-Saw at 90-Plus Continues – What Lies Ahead?
September 16, 2021
By Don Shurley, University of Georgia Cotton Economist
The strong uptrend in prices seems to have leveled out. Prices (Dec futures) have been in a range of mostly 92 to 95 cents for the past month plus. Dec closed at almost 95 cents back on August 17 but followed by at a close at 92.3 cents on September 1.
Last week ended at 93.5 cents—down 52 points for the week. So far this week (through today, September 15), Dec is down another 13 points to 93.37 cents.
After being down now for 2 weeks, the market will be cautiously looking ahead to this week’s export report numbers (tomorrow, September 16) for some confirmation of the direction to go next.
I am recently asked my thoughts on whether this market can make 95 cents again—or even $1.00. My response has been I think it’s a less than 50/50 shot. But, that’s just my opinion and I’ve been proven wrong plenty of times.
USDA’s September estimates released last week increased the projected US crop by 1.25 million bales. This was expected although on the high side. The expected US average yield jumped by 95 lbs per acre.
Projected exports were increased ½ million bales and ending stocks increased 700,000 bales. Surprisingly, USDA’s projection of the 2021 crop average price increased by 4 cents to 84 cents/lb. So, not all must be bad.
Acres and Crop Condition. Weather is still a factor going forward. Crop conditions continue to be strong—giving way to the idea that the crop estimate may increase further in future reports. As of September 12, 64% of the crop was rated good to excellent compared to 61% a week earlier. But, the crop is a little late in development.
Although a little behind normal, each week the crop is more open and susceptible to adverse weather conditions. A tropical storm or hurricane would more likely cause loss and result in a price hike.
Exports. USDA’s numbers last week also increased World use/demand 810,000 bales from the August estimate. Higher use came from Turkey, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. There was no change for China and a reduction for Vietnam.
Although demand/use numbers continue to be positive and a source of support for prices, there are also concerns about another round of COVID impacts. We need the monthly USDA numbers to remain steady or upward and need weekly export sales and shipment to validate the optimism in demand. Otherwise, that will set up weaker prices.
An even larger US crop, should that be the case, is not necessarily a case for lower prices. It also depends on exports/demand that could at least partially offset. Likewise, a smaller US crop, although more likely a case for higher prices, that’s not guaranteed either. It depends again on the demand side.
When and where should we start with price protection on next years expected production? Ninety cents or better on this year’s crop gives some lofty expectations for next year.
It’s early—we don’t even have this year’s crop out of the field, but I would encourage growers to begin thinking. Some begin pricing at 80 to 85 cents for this year’s crop. New crop Dec22 futures is currently at 82 and change.